Obtaining sound and unbiased information on nutrition and feeding of animals from reputable sources is not
always easy. For your convenience, we provide links to several respected sources of information from professional and governmental organizations below.
The National Academies National Research Council – a non-profit, private organization established in 1863 –
produces a series of science-based, objective, consensus reports on nutrient requirements of animals.
Government, private industry, researches, and producers use these reports as the worldwide standard for
The comparative Nutrition Society (CNS) is a society created to foster communication among laboratory and
field scientists from various disciplines with interests in comparative nutrition.
The American Society for Nutritional Sciences (ASNS) is a professional research society dedicated to
improving the quality of life through the science of nutrition.
The American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) Nutrition Advisory Group (NAG) facilitates communication and
coordination among nutritionists and those requiring nutrition information (i.e., AZA management groups, AZA
The U.S. Department of Agriculture conducts research on animal and human nutrition. The National Agriculture
Library of the U.S. Department of Agriculture provides a web-based resource of the agency’s nutrition
The Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) regulates the manufacture and distribution of food additives and
drugs that will be given to animals. These include animals from which human foods are derived, as well as
food additives and drugs for pet (or companion) animals.
The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO), an advisory body of state and federal feed
regulators, develops recommended standards for nutrient contents of dog and cat foods. AAFCO also publishes
ingredient definitions and regulations. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration works in partnership with AAFCO
to determine safe pet food ingredients and testing protocols. In addition to federal regulation of pet food,
most state governments regulate pet foods and labeling through their agricultural departments. AAFCO has
created a model feed bill that states often adopt in their own laws.